It is always being advised that alcohol consumption is harmful to pregnancy but do you know how the alcohol is passed on to your baby? Here I would like to say that during the time of baby’s development it is attached to its mother with a tube-like structure known as an umbilical cord. This umbilical cord helps to transport all the food components through the blood. 

During pregnancy, the placenta is formed in the uterus to supply food and oxygen to the baby. If a pregnant mother drinks alcohol then it gets dissolved with her blood passes to the baby via umbilical cord and placenta. Consuming of alcohol during pregnancy possesses a risk of getting foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), that leads to birth defects in a baby. Alcohol is a teratogen which causes deformation of the embryo. It can harm the development of baby’s brain as well as the spinal cord.

Drinking of alcohol during pregnancy increases the chances of certain symptoms such as:

  • Lower birth weight
  • Miscarriage 
  • Pre-term birth
  • Defects during childbirth
  • Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)

If you are not drinking alcohol at the time of pregnancy then your baby won’t suffer from FASD or any other type of medical problems. Throughout the pregnancy, your baby continuously grows. So, if you consume alcohol during the time of development, then it will restrict proper growth and might become lethal to the baby.

Any safe amount to drink alcohol?

There is no such amount that can be regarded as safe drinking because consumption of even a little amount of alcohol harm become harmful for both the mother and the baby. Surgeon General of USA stated that binge drinking (i.e. consuming more than 5 drinks) possesses a huge risk of FASD to the foetus. However, the American Association of Pregnancy says that even drinking even a small amount of alcohol is also unsafe for pregnancy.

Victoria state government reported that consumption of alcohol by the male reduces the quality of sperm which further creates disruption in pregnancy. Consumption of alcohol by a man causes issues in the development of the baby, including both mental and physical growth. Hence it is recommended that both the parents must stop drinking alcohol 3 months prior to conception.

Author Bio: Navya Sharma has been associated with the health industry for a long time. In her leisure, she loves writing articles. Through her articles, you can obtain knowledge on various stem cell preservation, Stem cell banking, cord blood banking.